Everything you need to know about Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Corona Virus


Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) also called Wuhan coronavirus is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. On Thursday, January 30th, the WHO declared the 2019-nCoV outbreak a global health emergency, or a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC).

According to the Centre for disease control and prevention there are seven major types of coronaviruses. 
1- 229E αlpha coronavirus 
2- NL63 αlpha coronavirus 
3-OC43 βeta coronavirus
4- HKU1 βeta coronavirus
5- MERS-CoV (the β-coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)
6- SARS-CoV (the β-coronavirus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome)
7- 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

Coronaviruses are important human and animal pathogens. During epidemics, they are the cause of up to one-third of community-acquired upper respiratory tract infections in adults and probably also play a role in severe respiratory infections in both children and adults.


Preventive Measures



Research at IMBB UoL

Focal Person

COVID-19 affects different people in different ways. Most infected people will develop mild to moderate illness and recover without hospitalization.


Most common symptoms:
  • fever
  • dry cough
  • tiredness
Less common symptoms:
  • aches and pains
  • sore throat
  • diarrhea
  • conjunctivitis
  • headache
  • loss of taste or smell
  • a rash on the skin, or discoloration of fingers or toes
Serious symptoms:
  • difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • chest pain or pressure
  • loss of speech or movement
Seek immediate medical attention if you have serious symptoms. Always call before visiting your doctor or health facility.
People with mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should manage their symptoms at home.
On average it takes 5–6 days from when someone is infected with the virus for symptoms to show, however it can take up to 14 days.

Wash your hands often

Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.

If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.

Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

Avoid close contact

Avoid close contact with people who are sick, even inside your home. If possible, maintain 6 feet between the person who is sick and other household members.

Put distance between yourself and other people outside of your home.

Remember that some people without symptoms may be able to spread the virus.

Stay at least 6 feet (about 2 arms’ length) from other people.

Do not gather in groups.

Cover your mouth and nose

You could spread COVID-19 to others even if you do not feel sick.

Everyone should wear a cloth face cover when they have to go out in public, for example to the grocery store or to pick up other necessities.

Cloth face coverings should not be placed on young children under age 2, anyone who has trouble breathing, or is unconscious, incapacitated, or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.


Clean and disinfect

Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.

If surfaces are dirty, clean them. Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.

Then, use a household disinfectant. 

Ongoing Research Projects

• Review article regarding recent Wuhan Coronavirus outbreak and its relation to previous Coronavirus strains

• Screening of more than 100 phytochemical compounds against Coronavirus receptors to design potential inhibitors and immune regulators

• Designing potential multi-epitopic vaccine against Coronavirus employing computational biology tools


Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology - Center for research in molecular medicine

HEC Approved Supervisor

• Best University Teacher Award-2010
• RPA-Award: Pakistan council for science and technology (PCST)
• Most Cited Author in PLOS One in 2019
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18 Sep 2021, 7:15 AM (GMT)

Worldwide Covid-19 Update

228,425,370 Total Cases
4,693,007 Death Cases
205,002,920 Recovered